Nya möjligheter för svensk psykologisk praktik
In this paper, we suggest that psychology as a science, and especially as a clinical practice, can develop new ways of thinking and working with clients by including critical, feminist, and norm-critical approaches. Ethical guidelines highlight that psychologists should respect the client’s rights and dignity. New policies for evidence-based psychological practice also emphasize responsiveness to the sociocultural context, including the client’s gender, gender identity, and sexuality. We initiate a discussion on how psychologists can consider the sociocultural context ethically by introducing norm-critical perspectives to our practice. Psychologists, as well as our clients, are affected by the social and cultural standards of the society in which we live. The goal of norm-critical approaches is to make societal norms and taken for granted psychological understandings explicit, and interrogate the effects these might have on people’s lives. This includes investigating how norms make it (im)possible for people to live in accordance with their values. We suggest that the reflexive process required by psychologists should be extended to include reflexivity on different levels, at the workplace, among colleagues, and in collaboration with the client. Strategies such as queer listening as well as developing the skills already used in psychological treatment could facilitate such processes.